Group Photo Overview


Michael Kraus Collection, Used with Permission

Zoom detail left quadrant of group photo

Michael Kraus Collection, Used with Permission

Below are images of a re-dedication ceremony honoring two 100th Pennsylvania soldiers that died during the Battle at Fort Sanders (also called Fort Saunders), Tennessee, November 29, 1863 at the tail end of the Siege of Knoxville.   The two soldiers were Isaac R. W. Garretson and Aaron Templeton of Company A.  The re-dedication took place in the National Cemetery at Knoxville, TN around the time of the unveiling of the stone shown as May 29, 1891.   

In the photograph, George B. Forsyth, of Co. B is present to the immediate right of the stone.  Pvt. Forsyth belonged to the Capt. Thomas Espy GAR Post #153, of Carnegie, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.  The memorial is located in Plot B-900, Row 12.  Garretson, about 22 years old at death, is apparently buried here while Templeton's body was reburied in Washington Co. Pennsylvania, his home.  Templeton was killed at about 25 years of age. 

In addition, I have posted some images or links pertaining to the November 29, 1863 Battle of Fort Sanders, a US tactical victory that capped the Siege on Knoxville.   The battle was over very quickly, approximately 20 minutes, as the Confederate engineers and command had not forseen the large ditch that spanned the front of the fort walls, creating a virtually impenetrable barrier.  Union forces inside, including the Roundheads fired onto the assaulting Confederates of General Longstreet's corps  with artillery shell, canister and rifle fire.   There were approximately 900 Confederate casualties and 100 Union casualties  that resulted following the failed assault.

  --The Websmith, David L. Welch


Zoom detail center quadrant of photograph

Michael Kraus Collection, Used with Permission





George B. Forsyth, Co. B honoring his fallen comrades Templeton and Garretson of Co. A.

Photo by J. M. Wallace, Knoxville, TN, Michael Kraus Collection, Used with Permission



Top of Monument with US flag over stacked arms inscribed, "Two brave and gallant defenders of the old flag"


:Photo by Howard A. Sutherland,


Zoom detail right quadrant of photograph

Michael Kraus Collection, Used with Permission

Base of memorial showing date of re-dedication, May 29, 1891




Photo by Howard A. Sutherland,









Closeup of Memorial Inscription

Photo by Howard A Sutherland,



Union Memorial, Knoxville, TN National Cemetery

Photo by Evening Blues,




Note:  Read newspaper article left to right by column, with four columns.  Slide 4 is columns 2 and 3 only.

This news article gives some detailed information regarding the part of the 100th PA in this battle.  Company A was the only company from the 100th PA that was engaged.  Based on an eyewitness account by John B. Kennedy of Co. A discussed in the news article,  Pvts. Garrentson and Templeton were killed in an area of the fort that did not have constructed cotton bales on the outer edge of the parapet wall for protection; instead there were branches of trees that were placed as makeshift protection.  These branches did not provide adequate cover compared to the cotton bales.  These two soldiers were two of eight (8) total union soldiers within the fort confines that were killed.  Another 30 were killed outside the fort confines.   On the Confederate side, 129 were killed, 448 wounded and 226 missing, all attacking under command of General Longstreet.  Most were killed within a deep trench that was dug by US Engineers on three sides of the fort.

New Castle News Article, August 24, 1915, "Siege of Knoxville, with a description of the Battle of Fort Sanders which  Co. A took a conspicuous part in" by Dr. Silas Stevenson, M.D. of Ellwood City, PA ; digitized newspaper found by websmith on


Sign Marker, Assault on Fort Sanders, November 29, 1863

University of  Tennessee, Knoxville, Battle of Fort Sanders Exhibit, McClung Museum

File:Battle of Fort Sanders.png

Kurz and Allison 1891 lithograph of  Battle of Fort Sanders, Nov 29, 1863









Union Engineers conferring on November 29, 1863, Battle of Fort Sanders, Knoxville, TN

U.S. Library of Congress Photo

US Engineers took telegraph wire and tied the wire between the stumps in background to help trip up the Confederate assault on the salient in the background.  After they were slowed down by the wire, they encountered a deep ditch in front of the bastion walls.














Wet Plate (Coloidial) Photography of battle aftermath, 2008 reenactment

Photo by Wendell Decker

Northwest Bastion, 2008 Reenactment Site photoThis photo gives a good sense of the size of the ditch in front of the bastions that the attacking Confederates confronted.





















Sketch of Confederate Assault on Fort Sanders, November 29, 1863  Artist unknown

MA MOLLUS Collection, Plate 6244

Note telegraph wire strong between stumps to slow assault and cotton bales piled at the top of parapet walls.  Co A was inside the fort during the assault.



hotograph looking SE from Fort Sanders parapet, University of Eastern Tennessee 

MA MOLLUS Collection, Plate 6226L

Note logs across ditch fronting bastions to get a sense of what the attacking Confederates had to cross.  Also, several broken caissons are visible inside the fort confines.





Photograph of NW Bastion, location of Confederate assault, photographer unknown 

MA MOLLUS Collection, Plate 4813

Note stumps in front of ditch and bastion walls where telegraph wire was strung between to slow the attacking enemy.

Photograph of General Poe and Col. Babcock of the US Engineers discussing fortifications at Fort Sanders near the NW salient post-battle March 21, 1864 

MA MOLLUS Collection, Plate 4812

Note stumps in front of ditch and bastion walls where telegraph wire was strung between to slow the attacking enemy.  The similar  Library of Congress photograph (r) looks to be taken same day with two officers standing in opposite places.










Library of Congress 1864 Photos from original Stereo Pairs:

Left Photo showing Fort Sanders (r) with ditch in center and stump field left and background

Right Photo showing Fort Sanders (l) with ditch and stump field in background.




Lithograph of Battle at Fort Saunders (Harpers Weekly Lithograph by Theodore Davis, January 9, 1864


Lithograph of Battle at Fort Saunders (Harpers Weekly Lithograph by Theodore Davis, January 9, 1864


Lithograph of Battle at Fort Sanders, though it states Siege of Knoxville--the overall campaign,  Johnson, Frye and Company, New York, 1868, after the original painting by Nast.

MA MOLLUS Collection, Plate 138










Click on thumbnails above to enlarge.

Garretson/Templeton Memorial  #38763932

Knoxville TN National Cemetery

Photo by Howard A. Sutherland

Memorial Re-dedication of Pvts. Isaac R.W. Garretson and Aaron Templeton, Company A, killed at Fort Sanders, TN, November 29, 1863 and other information pertaining to the climactic battle completing the Siege of Knoxville.

Memorial Re-dedication images from Michael Kraus Collection, used with permission, all rights reserved

Presented by Websmith David L. Welch



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